Descriptors for Cynosurus L.:

Category: BIOLOGY
  1. 032 Lodging - resistance (032 LODGING - RESISTANCE )
    Before the first conservation cut.

  2. 038 Winter hardiness (038 WINTER HARDINESS )
    Field resistance.

  3. 040 Drought - resistance (040 DROUGHT - RESISTANCE )


  4. 080 Sward - resistance to weed ingression (080 SWARD - RESISTANCE TO WEED)
    Ground cover of weedy grasses and weed. Spring - summer - autumn, 2 days before cut.

  5. 093 Sward - resistance to weed ingression (093 SWARD - RESISTANCE TO WEED)
    Ground cover of weedy grasses and weed. Summer - autumn, 2 days before cut.

Category: MORPHOLOGY
  1. 002 Plant - reproductive growth habit (002 PLANT - REPRODUCTIVE GROWT)
    At heading in the 1st year after sowing. fig.1

  2. 007 Stem - length (007 STEM - LENGTH )
    At beginning of flowering in the 1st year after sowing.Length including inflorescence.

  3. 008 Stem - diameter (008 STEM - DIAMETER )
    At beginning of flowering in the 1st year after sowing.

  4. 009 Stem - number of leaves (009 STEM - NUMBER OF LEAVES )
    At beginning of flowering in the 1st year after sowing.

  5. 011 Leaf - width of flag leaf (011 LEAF - WIDTH OF FLAG LEAF )
    At beginning of flowering in the 1st year after sowing.

  6. 012 Leaf - length of flag leaf (012 LEAF - LENGTH OF FLAG LEAF)
    At beginning of flowering in the 1st year after sowing.

  7. 013 Leaf - width of the second leaf (from the top) (013 LEAF - WIDTH OF THE SECOND)
    At beginning of flowering in the 1st year after sowing.

  8. 014 Leaf - length of the second leaf (from the top) (014 LEAF - LENGTH OF THE SECON)
    At beginning of flowering in the 1st year after sowing.

  9. 015 Leaf - primary colour (015 LEAF - PRIMARY COLOUR )
    Genetic colour, when grass is not under stress. At beginning of flowering at forage and ornamental grasses. At turf grasses spring - summer - autumn.

  10. 016 Leaf - tone of other colour (016 LEAF - TONE OF OTHER COLOU)
    See descriptor no. 16.

  11. 017 Leaf - colour intensity (017 LEAF - COLOUR INTENSITY )
    See descriptor no. 16.

  12. 020 Inflorescence - length (020 INFLORESCENCE - LENGTH )
    At beginning of flowering in the 1st year after sowing.

  13. 023 Inflorescence - colour (023 INFLORESCENCE - COLOUR )
    At beginning of flowering.

  14. 024 Inflorescence - colour intensity (024 INFLORESCENCE - COLOUR INT)


  15. 028 Spring growth rate (028 SPRING GROWTH RATE )
    Evaluated when the earliest variety has reached 20 cm of sward height. fig.2

  16. 030 Uniformy of time of inflorescence emergence (030 UNIFORMY OF TIME OF INFLOR)


  17. 071 Sward - initial ground cover (071 SWARD - INITIAL GROUND COV)
    2 weeks after seedling emergence.

  18. 072 Sward - field establishment (072 SWARD - FIELD ESTABLISHMEN)
    Evaluated when 75% ground cover has been reached.

  19. 075 Sward - ground cover (075 SWARD - GROUND COVER )
    Living ground cover of sown turf species. Spring - summer - autumn, 2 days after cut.

  20. 076 Sward - density (076 SWARD - DENSITY )
    Based on number of tillers in closed sward, excluding damaged patches. Spring - summer - autumn, 2 days after cut. fig.5

  21. 077 Sward - leaf texture (077 SWARD - LEAF TEXTURE )
    Visual evaluation of leaf width. Spring - summer - autumn, before cut.

  22. 085 Sward - ground cover (085 SWARD - GROUND COVER )
    Living ground cover by sown turf species. Spring - summer - autumn, 2 days after cut.

  23. 091 Sward - density (091 SWARD - DENSITY )
    Based on number of tillers in closed sward, excluding damaged patches. Summer - autumn, after cut. fig.5

  24. 092 Sward - colour intensity (092 SWARD - COLOUR INTENSITY )
    Summer (before flowering) - autumn.

Category: OTHER
  1. 086 Sward - applicability for extensive lawns based on vertical growth (086 SWARD - APPLICABILITY FOR )
    Height of sward including flowering stems before the first cut. fig.7

  2. 087 Sward - applicability for extensive lawns based on height of level of vegetative leaves (087 SWARD - APPLICABILITY FOR )
    Before the first cut. fig.7

  3. 088 Sward - applicability for extensive lawns based on abundance of inflorescences (088 SWARD - APPLICABILITY FOR )
    Before the first cut.

  4. 089 Sward - applicability for extensive lawns based on biomass production (089 SWARD - APPLICABILITY FOR )
    Estimate of above-ground biomass production before the first cut.

  5. 090 Sward - applicability for extensive lawns based on autumn regrowth (090 SWARD - APPLICABILITY FOR )
    Height of sward excluding sporadic heads. In the autumn before the second cut. fig.8

Category: PHENOLOGY
  1. 029 Time of inflorescence emergence (029 TIME OF INFLORESCENCE EMER)
    Number of days from the 1st April. When beginning has been reached at 10% stems in the plot. At single plants - when the tip of 3 inflorescences is just visible. fig.3

  2. 031 Abundance of inflorescence emergence (031 ABUNDANCE OF INFLORESCENCE)
    Estimate of number of flowering stems.m-2 at heading.

  3. 033 Regrowth after cutting - at conservation management (033 REGROWTH AFTER CUTTING - A)
    Based on regrowth bulk 2 weeks after cut.

  4. 070 Sward - seedling emergence (070 SWARD - SEEDLING EMERGENCE)
    Number of days after sowing till seedling emergence. fig.4

Category: PRODUCTION
  1. 058 Plant - total DM yield/year (058 PLANT - TOTAL DM YIELD/YEA)
    At single plants.

  2. 062 Sward - seed maturity (062 SWARD - SEED MATURITY )
    Number of days from the 1st April.

  3. 065 Sward - 1000 seeds weight (TSW) (065 SWARD - 1000 SEEDS WEIGHT )
    TSW - caryopsis according to the descriptor no. 25

  4. 079 Sward - cleanness of cut (079 SWARD - CLEANNESS OF CUT )
    Appearance of vascular bundle fibres at cut ends of leaves. Spring - summer - autumn, 2 days after cut.

  5. 082 Sward - visual quality rating (082 SWARD - VISUAL QUALITY RAT)
    All aspects of turf quality integrated. Spring - summer - autumn.

  6. 094 Sward - visual quality rating (094 SWARD - VISUAL QUALITY RAT)
    All aspects important for extensive turf integrated. Spring - summer - autumn.