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Taxon: Oenothera biennis L.

 
Genus: Oenothera
Section: Oenothera
Subsection: Oenothera
Family: Onagraceae
Subfamily: Onagroideae
Tribe: Onagreae
Nomen number: 25521
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:346. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 03-Mar-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Feb-2009
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 12 (12 active, 19 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas (e.), Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota (e.), Oklahoma (e.), South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Onagraceae&GenusID=Oenothera&SpeciesID=biennis), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (widely natzd. in temperate & subtropic regions)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Dietrich, W. et al. 1997. Systematics of Oenothera section Oenothera subsection Oenothera (Onagraceae) Syst. Bot. Monogr. 50:93.
  3. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  4. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  5. Chester, E. W. et al. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 1993-1997 (Atlas Tenn)
  6. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  7. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  8. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  9. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  10. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Oenothera biennis L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2021. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://grinczech.vurv.cz/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=25521. Accessed 23 September 2021.