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Taxon: Phleum pratense L.

 
Genus: Phleum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Poinae
Nomen number: 28019
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:59. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 12-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 196 (147 active, 173 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (fide Grass US; F Eur; Food Feed Crops US; Invasive Pl Spec); forage (fide Grass US; F Eur; Food Feed Crops US; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Environmental: soil improver (fide L. Gilbert, pers. comm. (2002))
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide State Noxweed Seed; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native



    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Tuva, Yakutia-Sakha (s.), Altay, Krasnoyarsk (s.), Chita, Irkutsk (s.), Kemerovo, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tyumen (s.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (s.e.), Kyrgyzstan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China (n.)

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.), Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland

    Northern America
    • Canada


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Ashikaga, K. et al. 2012. Evaluating the genotype × nitrogen fertilization interaction on the nutritive value of the first crop in timothy (Phleum pratense L.) clones Grassland Sci. 58:37-41.
  3. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  4. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. 1996 (L Noms French ed6)
  5. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  6. Gilbert, L. 2002. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  7. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  8. Hoang, H.-D. et al. 1997. Additional notes to the checklist of Korean cultivated plants (5). Consolidated summary and indexes Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:367.
  9. Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist. 2006 (NZeal Nat Vasc Pl)
  10. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  11. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  12. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  13. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  15. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:117.
  16. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  17. Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. (Weed CRCAustralia)
  18. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  19. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  20. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:493.
  21. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  22. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  23. Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  24. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  25. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  26. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Phleum pratense L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2021. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://grinczech.vurv.cz/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=28019. Accessed 20 September 2021.