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Taxon: Trifolium pratense L.

 
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: Trifolium
Section: Trifolium
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 300623
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:768. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Oct-2017
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 586 (375 active, 393 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (fide Food Feed Crops US); forage (fide Genet Res Crop Evol 44:439. 1997)
  • Bee plants:
  • Environmental:
  • Food additives:
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (fide Virus Diseases 35. 1987)
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Kellerman et al.; Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native



    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia (s.)] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.), Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Yugoslavia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (widely natzd. in temperate regions)

References:

  1. Federal Seed Act and Regulations, Agricultural and Vegetable Kind Lists, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing Service, Seed Regulatory and Testing Branch. 1998 (Federal Seed Act)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Converse, R. H., ed. Virus diseases of small fruits. USDA Agriculture Handbook 631. 1987 (Virus Diseases)
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  5. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  6. Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  8. Greene, S. L. et al. 2004. Relating morphologic and RAPD marker variation to collection site environment in wild populations of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 51:643-653.
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  10. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  11. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  12. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  13. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  15. Kouamé C. N. et al. 1997. Response to root-knot nematodes of a germplasm collection of red clover and related species Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:439-445.
  16. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  17. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  18. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  19. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. 1977-1985 (F Cyprus)
  20. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:132.
  21. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  22. Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. 1979-1981 (F Tunis)
  23. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  24. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  25. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  26. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  27. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  28. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Trifolium pratense L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2021. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://grinczech.vurv.cz/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=300623. Accessed 20 September 2021.