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Taxon: Hordeum vulgare L.

 
Genus: Hordeum
Subgenus: Hordeum
Section: Hordeum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Subtribe: Hordeinae
Nomen number: 317403
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:84. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 29-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Jul-2015
Species priority site is: National Small Grains Collection (NSGC)
Accessions: 69 (65 active, 112 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (fide CultTropS)
  • Environmental:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock when infected with certain fungi, fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt (n.), Libya (n.e.)

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Sichuan (w.), Xizang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.), Pakistan

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece [Crete]


    Cultivated



    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mauritania, Nigeria (n.)
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar (c.), Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Java (e.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Croatia, Italy (incl. Sardinia), Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand


References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  6. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  7. George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. 1980- (F Aust)
  8. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  9. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  10. Grubben, G. J. H. & Soetjipto Partohardjono, eds. 1996. Cereals (Pl Res SEAs) 10:99.
  11. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  12. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  13. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  14. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  15. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:102.
  16. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  17. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  18. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:401.
  19. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  20. Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  21. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  22. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  23. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  24. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Hordeum vulgare L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2022. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://grinczech.vurv.cz/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=317403. Accessed 29 June 2022.