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Taxon: Brassica rapa L. subsp. oleifera (DC.) Metzg.

 
Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 319648
Place of publication: Syst. Beschr. Kohlart. 49. 1833
Link to protologue:
Comment: [or B. rapa Turnip Rape Group]
Name Verified on: 04-Jun-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-May-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 91 (79 active, 152 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Cover Crop Database, as B. campestris)
  • Fuels:
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (fide WorldWeeds 123. 1997, as B. campestris)
  • Human food:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide WorldWeeds 117. 1997, as B. campestris)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Adventive

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique, Zimbabwe

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Barbados, Guadeloupe, Martinique
    • BRAZIL: Brazil


    Naturalized



    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (s.), Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Hispaniola
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Nicaragua
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, [Alto Paraguay] Uruguay


    Other (widespread weed, probable origin Eurasia)

References:

  1. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  2. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  3. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  4. Cheng, B. F. et al. 2001. Low glucosinolate Brassica juncea breeding line revealed to be nullisomic (Genome) 44:738.
  5. McFerson, J. 1994. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  6. Musil, A. F. 1948. Distinguishing species of Brassica by their seeds Misc. Publ. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 643:1-35.
  7. University of Idaho 2010. Brassica breeding and research goals
  8. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  9. Young, R. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)

Check other web resources for Brassica rapa L. subsp. oleifera (DC.) Metzg. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2021. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://grinczech.vurv.cz/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=319648. Accessed 23 September 2021.