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Taxon: Armoracia rusticana G. Gaertn. et al.

Genus: Armoracia
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Cardamineae
Nomen number: 4234
Place of publication: Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 2:426. 1800
Link to protologue:
Comment: since this name was originally based on Cochlearia rusticana Lam., this was an illegitimate, superfluous name (Melbourne ICN Art. 52), so there is no parenthetical authorship (Melbourne ICN Art. 58)
Name Verified on: 02-Apr-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Mar-2014
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 35 (26 active, 20 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)


Common names:

  • horseradish  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • cran  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • cranson  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • mérédic  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • raifort cran  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • raifort sauvage  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • Kren  (Source: Mansf Ency) - German
  • Meerrettich  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • barba forte  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • cren  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • crenno  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • seiyō-wasabi  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • uma-daikon  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • wasabi-daikon  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • rábano-picanto  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • raiz-forte  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • rábano picante  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • rábano rusticano  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • la gen shu  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide CultTropS)
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:


    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova


    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    • CHINA: China

    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Germany

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States


    • CAUCASUS: Armenia
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Turkmenistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang, Hebei, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Hokkaido, Honshu]

    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia, Turkey [Kirklareli]
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California, Utah]

    Other (possible origin e. Europe)


  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  3. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  4. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  5. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  6. Guzman, C. C. de & J. S. Siemonsma, eds. 1999. Spices (Pl Res SEAs) 13:76-80.
  7. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  8. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  9. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  10. Navrátilová, B. et al. 1997. Construction of intergeneric somatic hybrids between Brassica oleracea and Armoracia rusticana Biol. Pl. 39:531-541.
  11. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  12. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  13. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Armoracia rusticana G. Gaertn. et al. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2021. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://grinczech.vurv.cz/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=4234. Accessed 23 September 2021.