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Taxon: Carthamus tinctorius L.

 
Genus: Carthamus
Section: Carthamus
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 9243
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:830. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-Aug-2013
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 42 (42 active, 36 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (seed-cake is high protein food supplement & used as birdseed fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Bee plants:
  • Environmental:
  • Food additives:
  • Harmful organism host:
  • Human food: starch (fide PROTA4U)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (fide Wealth India RM ed2, 3:310-312. 1992)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated



    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Burkina Faso, Mali, Nigeria
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Hungary
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


    Adventive

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic, Germany, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Lebanon, Syria
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia
    • CHINA: China [Zhejiang, Heilongjiang, Hebei, Gansu, Jiangsu, Jilin, Guizhou, Liaoning, Shanxi, Shandong, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Qinghai, Nei Monggol, Xinjiang, Xizang]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece, Italy, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Massachusetts, Ohio]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja California, San Luis Potosi]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Michoacan]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


    Other (probable origin w. Asia)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India 1992. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials (revised edition). New Delhi. 1985-1992 (Wealth India RM ed2) 3:302-313.
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  6. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  7. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  8. Gilbert, L. 2002. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  10. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  11. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  12. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  13. Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. 1975-1979 (F Taiwan)
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  16. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:87.
  17. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  18. Ryder, E. J. 1999. Lettuce, endive and chicory Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 9:134.
  19. Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes. 1991- (F Bajio)
  20. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  21. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Carthamus tinctorius L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2021. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://grinczech.vurv.cz/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9243. Accessed 22 September 2021.