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Taxon: Carum carvi L.

 
Genus: Carum
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
Subfamily: Apioideae
Tribe: Careae
Nomen number: 9245
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:263. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 288 (138 active, 178 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: potential as source of pollen
  • Food additives:
  • Materials: lipids (used in cosmetics fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide AOSA Hb 25; Global Comp Weeds)

Distributional Range:

    Native



    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq (n.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Altay] Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Kamchatka]
    • CHINA: China [Hebei, Gansu, Shanxi, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Xizang]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India (Kashmir & Jammu), Nepal, Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Svalbard and Jan Mayen
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Cultivated (widely cult. in temperate regions)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  3. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. 1996 (L Noms French ed6)
  4. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  5. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  6. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  7. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  8. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  9. Langenberger, M. W. & A. R. Davis 2002. Honey bee pollen foraging in relation to flowering phenology of biennial caraway (Carum carvi L.) Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 82:203-215.
  10. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  11. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  12. Mukherjee, P. K. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  13. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  14. Pank, F. 2010. Aims and results of breeding research on eight medicinal and aromatic plants - A survey Israel J. Pl. Sci. 58:241-249.
  15. Randall, R. P. A global compendium of weeds. 2002 (Global Comp Weeds)
  16. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  17. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  18. Watson, J. F. Index to the native and scientific names of Indian and other eastern economic plants and products. 1868 (Names Watson)
  19. Watson, M. F. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)

Check other web resources for Carum carvi L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2021. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://grinczech.vurv.cz/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9245. Accessed 22 September 2021.